Most African countries are currently encountering so many challenges with E-Waste collection and management.  In fact, the lack of appropriate infrastructures, collection facilities and legislative frameworks does not permit formal E-Waste management.

Baseline scenarios in Abidjan, Kisii, Johannesburg and Choma show E-Waste collection is still dominated by the Informal Sector, which actually brings expertise in this field but may have a poor awareness of the negative impacts that E-Waste management can have. As a consequence, many cases of human health and environmental pollution can be identified.

In order to have a good E-Waste management system, specific measures should be taken by government, municipality and key stakeholders to ensure the implementation of waste management plans which includes binding laws, collection, transportation and disposal of E-Waste, capacity building, education and awareness raising, and facilities building, among others.